How to Plant:
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1. Rake the soil to form a crumbly seedbed. Do
not till deeply as this will encourage new weeds to
germinate along with the native grasses.
2. Apply seed with either a drill
hydroseeder, or broadcast spreader along with a
carrier (such as sand or vermiculite). For small
sites, seeds may be broadcast by hand.
3. Lightly rake to ensure proper
Roll or track over the seedbed and apply a light
straw mulch to preserve moisture and aid soil
stabilization. For optimum germination, keep the
area evenly moist.
Seeding Into Existing Vegetation:
- 1. Use Round-up®, following
recommendations, to eliminate any grass or weed
cover which may compete with native grass
germination and establishment.
- 2. Seed as specified in steps 2 and 3 for bare soil.
Note: All listed conservation mixtures can be
dormant seeded as well, once the grass is frozen.
For Environmentally Sensitive Sites
Till existing vegetation several times
course of the year prior to planting. Seed as
specified above for bare soil.
During the first year fertilizers encourage weed
growth and shouldn't be used unless the soil is
infertile. If necessary, fertilize the site in late
spring or early summer when the warm season
grasses start their vegetative growth during their
second growing season.
Native grasses prefer a firm seedbed.
For best results, use a nonselective
herbicide such as Roundup
® prior to planting.
Once the grasses have been
seeded, weeds can be culturally
controlled the first year and a half
by selective mowings at a height
above the native grass seedlings
(about 3 1/2 - 4"). The mowings will
be most effective during spring or
early summer during the second
growing season as this is when the
warm season native grasses will be
growing aggressively and starting
to go to seed.
Several herbicides are labeled for
broadleaf weed control on native
grasses. However, they should not
be used until the native grass plants
have reached the four-leaf stage
and the air temperature does not
exceed 75º F. Plateau®, a herbicide
from American Cyanamid, shows
great promise in selectively
controlling annual and perennial
broadleaf and grassy weeds in
warm and cool season turf.
Where local ordinances allow,
burning native grass fields in the
early spring can effectively control
weeds. Fields should be at least
two years old prior to burning.
Native grass fields can be mown in late fall
or early spring prior to the emergence of
new growth. However, this is not recommended
as it will decrease the ornamental appeal
for the winter and will disrupt wildlife
What to Expect
Most native grasses will germinate
in two to three weeks and fully
mature in two to three years. Root
growth is the main activity during
the first season of growing warm
season native grasses. In order to
achieve cover during the first year,
adding a cool season native grass
or nursegrass such as fine fescue
is recommended. Temporary
grasses such as annual ryegrass
or oats can also be added at low
PLANT MIXTURE SPECIES IDENTIFICATION
Information above provided courtesy of
Pennington Seed, Inc.
Native Grass - Varieties
Native to USA.
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